The endemic Trochetia Boutoniana only found only on Le Morne mountain and was declared National Flower in 1992. The endemic Cassine Orientalis, or bois d’olive endemic to Mauritius can be found throughout the native forest of the country. The Diospyros tessellaria, or ebony tree, is endemic to Mauritius.
How Many Endemic Plants Are There In Mauritius
Mauritius Island is renowned for the extraordinary richness of its endemic flora, which is indicative of phytochemical diversity and is home to as many as 691 indigenous plant species of which 273 are single Island endemics.
Mauritius endemic plant species.
|Family||Plant species||Accession no||Site of collection|
|Asteraceae||Psiadia arguta Voigt(APA)||MAU 26407||Arboretum RobinsonCurepipe (National Park)|
|Psiadia lithospermifolia Cordem(APL)||MAU 26404|
|Psiadia viscosa (Lam.) A.J. Scott(APV)||MAU 26406|
|Ebenaceae||Diospyros boutoniana A.DC(EDB)||MAU 26412||Macchabee Forest(Black River Gorges National Park)|
|Diospyros nodosa Poir(EDN)||MAU 26411|
|Diospyros egrettarum I. Richardson(EDE)||MAU 26513||Curepipe|
|Diospyros leucomelas Poir(EDL)||MAU 26548||Black River Gorges National Park|
|Diospyros chrysophyllos Poir(EDC)||MAU 26547||Bel Ombre Forest|
|Diospyros pterocalyx Bojer ex A.DC(EDP)||MAU 26413||Le Pétrin(Black River Gorges National Park)|
|Erythroxylaceae||Erythroxylum hypericifolium Lam(EEH)||MAU 26548||Bel Ombre Forest|
|Erythroxylum laurifolium Lam(EEL)||MAU 25561||Cabinet-Magenta Black River|
|Sapotaceae||Mimusops balata (Aubl.) C.F.Gaertn(SMB)||MAU 26408||Arboretum Robinson Curepipe(National Park)|
|Sideroxylon cinereum Lam(SSC)||MAU 26409|
|Sideroxylon puberulum A.DC(SSP)||MAU 26410|
|Sideroxylon boutonianum A.DC(SSB)||MAU 23250||National park|
|Sideroxylon sessiliflorum (Poir.) Capuron ex Aubrév(SSS)||MAU 2,251||National park|
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What plants are endemic to Mauritius?
The endemic Trochetia Boutoniana is only found only on Le Morne mountain and was declared National Flower in 1992. The endemic Cassine Orientalis, or bois d’olive endemic to Mauritius can be found throughout the native forest of the country. The Diospyros tessellaria, or ebony tree, is endemic to Mauritius.
Which forests are endemic in Mauritius?
Endemic plants are found across a few forests in the south of the island but La Vallée des Couleurs Nature Park cherishes all its endemic trees and plants like the Ebenaceae or Black Ebony, Cassine orientalis or Bois d’Olive and the Bois de Natte among others and has dutifully protected the species.
Is Hibiscus endemic to Mauritius?
One of five Hibiscus species endemic to Mauritius, 𝑯𝒊𝒃𝒊𝒔𝒄𝒖𝒔 𝒇𝒓𝒂𝒈𝒊𝒍𝒊𝒔 is at risk of extinction due to hybridisation with the introduced Chinese hibiscus. This Critically Endangered species is one of 30 species that we are working on in collaboration with Fondation Franklinia and the Forestry Services to save.